In 1978 the US Supreme Court ruled unconstitutial the admission process of the Medical School at the University of California at Davis. UC Davis’ process at that time set aside 16 of the 100 seats for “Blacks,” “Chicanos,” “Asians,” and “American Indians”, establishing a separate admission process for those 16 spaces.
In 2003 (Grutter v. Bollinger), the US Supreme Court ruled that race-conscious admissions processes may favor underrepresented minority groups. Since then, public universities and other public institutions of higher education are allowed to use race as a plus factor in determining whether a student should be admitted.
Over the past decades, numerous cases have been presented to the Supreme Court, with similar allegations against university admissions processes. But until present time, no ruling has been able to put a stop to allegations of reverse discrimination in university admissions processes.
The reality is that in an ideal world, race wouldn’t play a role in whether a college applicant is granted admission or not. Unfortunately we don’t live in an ideal world.